Family, Medical and Parental Leave

The federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and the California Family Rights Act (CFRA) provide for overlapping as well as separate family and medical leaves. In the past, they both applied to employers with 50 or more employees. However, on January 1, 2021, California’ greatly expanded CFRA coverage. The CFRA now applies to all employers with five or more employees while the FMLA remains applicable to those with 50 or more.

Additionally, effective January 1, 2021, California repealed the New Parent Leave Act (NPLA), the 2018 law that applied to employers with 20 or more employees that provided leave to bond with a newborn or a child placed with the employee for adoption or foster care. With CFRA's expansion to employers with five or more employees, the NPLA was no longer needed.